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Nicaragua Travel Information and Hotel Discounts Nicaragua Travel Information and Hotel Discounts


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Volcán Momotombo, a symbol of Nicaragua
Volcán Momotombo, a symbol of Nicaragua
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Real Inter-Continental Metrocentro Managua

the beautiful new fountain of the Ruben Dario Plaza, the Real InterContinental Hotel Metrocentro Managua is ideally located deep in the heart of the business and entertainment community of downtown Managua. Innovative design combined with deep, rich colors creates an ambience that is both elegant and indulgent. Splendid dining, leisure and business facilities ensure the needs of visitors are met in fine style.

Real Inter-Continental Metrocentro Managua

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Nicaragua is the largest country in Central America. However, although it is indeed the largest nation in the region, it is also the least densely populated as it is estimated that approximately 2 million people were in exile as of early 1980's of which a great many are now returning. It is bordered on the north by Honduras and on south by Costa Rica. Its western coastline is on the Pacific Ocean, while the east side of the country is on the Caribbean Sea. The country's name is a portmanteau of Nicarao, employed by the Spanish colonialists for the Nahuatl-speaking indigenous tribe, and the Spanish word Agua, meaning water, named after one of the largest fresh water lakes in the world Lago Nicaragua and the indigenous leader Nicarao.

Main articles: History of Nicaragua,
Colonized by Spain in 1524, Nicaragua achieved independence in 1821 when it was a province of the Audience of Guatemala and became part of the United Provinces of Central America. It separated from the federation in 1838, becoming a completely sovereign republic.

The nation's early history was marked by the desire of U.S. commercial interests to make use of Nicaraguan territory. When gold was discovered in California, Cornelius Vanderbilt's Accessory Transit Company undertook a steamship and carriage business to link Greytown (present-day San Juan del Norte), at the mouth of the San Juan River (linking the Lago Nicaragua with the Gulf of Mexico), to the Pacific. Nicaragua's strategic position has ever since been of interest to the United States.

Nicaragua offered token assistance during World War 2, and was the first country in the world to ratify the UN Charter.

Main articles: Culture of Nicaragua,
The "Nicas" are friendly and obliging people, with a matriarchal society. The population is very young with 60 percent under 17 years of age. As a whole the country is rich in colorful folklore, music and religious traditions. A fusion of Old World and New World emerged as the national psyche creating a society largely founded on European-Iberian culture but enriched with Amerindian sounds and flavours. Nicaragua has historically been a literary treasure in poetry of the Hispanic world with internationally renowned contributors such as Ruben Darío who is widely acclaimed as the Father of Modernism and Prince of Spanish Literature.

Through education Nicaragua's Government promotes the formation of nationals, giving them a decisive, scientific and humanist conscience. Education is free and the same for all Nicaraguans. Elementary education is free and compulsory. Communities localted on the Atlantic Coast have access to education in their native language. Higher education has financial, organic and administrative autonomy, according to the law. Also, freedom of subjects is recognized.

Nicaraguan culture can further be defined in several distinct strands. The west of the country was colonized by Spain and its people are mostly Mestizos and European in composition; Spanish is invariably their first language.

Nicaragua beaches The eastern half of the country, on the other hand, was once a British protectorate. English is still predominant in this region and spoken domestically a par with Spanish which is formally taught in schools, its culture is somewhat similar to Caribbean nations, although recent immigration by Mestizos has largely influenced younger generations and an increasing number of people are either bilingual at home or speak Spanish only. There is a large population of people of mixed African stock, as well as a smaller Garifuna population.

Of the cultures that were present before European colonization, the Nahuatl-speaking peoples who populated the west of the country have essentially been assimilated into the latino culture. In the east, however, several indigenous groups have maintained a distinct identity. The Sumos and Ramas people still use their original languages.
In the disastrous War of the Triple Alliance (1865-70), Nicaragua lost two-thirds of all adult males and much of its territory. It stagnated economically for the next half century. In the Chaco War of 1932-35, large, economically important areas were won from Bolivia. The 35-year military dictatorship of Alfredo STROESSNER was overthrown in 1989, and, despite a marked increase in political infighting in recent years, relatively free and regular presidential elections have been held since then.
Central South America, northeast of Argentina
Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than California
Land boundaries:
total: 3,920 km
border countries: Argentina 1,880 km, Bolivia 750 km, Brazil 1,290 km
Ethnic groups:
mestizo (mixed Spanish and Amerindian) 95%
Roman Catholic 90%, Mennonite, and other Protestant
Spanish (official), Guarani (official)
guarani (PYG)
Currency code:
Exchange rates:
guarani per US dollar - 4,783.0 (January 2002), 4,107.7 (2001), 3,486.4 (2000), 3,119.1 (1999), 2,726.5 (1998), 2,177.9 (1997); note - since early 1998, the exchange rate has operated as a managed float; prior to that, the exchange rate was determined freely in the market

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