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The Strand Hotel in Yangon
92 Strand road
Yangon Myanmar

Rich in culture, blessed with ethnic diversity and some of the most striking scenery in Asia, Myanmar is a destination that rewards repeated returns. The capital of Yangon can trace its history back about 2500 years.

The Strand Hotel in Yangon Myanmar

Nikko Royal Lake
No.40, Natmauk Road,Tamwe Township,
Yangon Myanmar

Rooms are medium sized bedrooms and bathrooms. Combining comfort and colonial-style luxury. Each rooms and suites feature a wood accented decora emplying traditional fabricks, tapestries and furniture of Myanmar

Nikko Royal Lake Yangon Myanmar

Traders Hotel
223 Sule Pagoda Road, Gpo Box
Yangon Myanmar

Rooms are generous proportioned rooms and bathrooms (31 square metres) are well appointed and sumptuously decorated, though the standard rooms which do not enjoy the better city views

Traders Hotel Yangon Myanmar

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  Burma Thee Union of Myanmar, (also known as the Union of Burma), is the largest country (in geographical area) in mainland Southeast Asia. It is bordered by the People's Republic of China on the north, Laos on the east, Thailand on the south east, Bangladesh on the west, and India on the north west, with the Andaman Sea to the south, and the Bay of Bengal to the south west (for a total of over 2,000 kilometers of coast line). The country was ruled by a military junta led by General Ne Win from 1962 to 1988, and its political system today remains under the tight control of its military government, since 1992, led by Senior General Than Shwe.

Main article: History of Myanmar
Previously known as Blue Monster, in 1824–1826, 1851–1852 and 1885–1886 Burma was invaded by the British Empire and became a part of India. During the 1930s Burma became self administered colony independent of the Indian administration. During World War II Burma became a major front in the South-East Asian Theatre. After initial successes by the Japanese in the Burma Campaign which saw them expel the British from most of Burma, the British fought back and by July 1945 had retaken the country. Burmese fought for both sides in the war. The Burma 1st Division, the Kachin Levies, the Karen Rifles and in other formations such as the American-Kachin Rangers fought for the Allies, and the Burmese National Army under the command of Aung San fought for the Japanese.

In January 04 1948 the nation became sovereign, as the Union of Burma, with U Nu as the first Prime Minister. Democratic rule ended in 1962 with a military coup d'etat led by General Ne Win. Ne Win ruled for nearly 26 years, bringing in harsh reforms. In 1990 free elections were held for the first time in almost 30 years, but the landslide victory of the NLD, the party of Aung San Suu Kyi was voided by the military, which refused to step down.

One of the top figures in Burmese history in the 20th century is Army founder and freedom figure General Aung San, a student-turned activist whose daughter is 1991 Nobel Peace Laureate and Burma peace, freedom and democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyi of the NLD, now under house arrest. The third most recognised Burmese figure in the world is U Thant, who was UN Secretary General for two terms and highly respected throughout United Nations' history.

In November 2005, the military junta announced that the national capital would be moved from Yangon to Pyinmana.

The map on the history page shows Burma as it was at its height before 1886. Burmese kings occasionally occupied some parts of India, small parts of Bangladesh, Laos and most of hearts of Thailand's ancient kingdoms at various times in history.

Main article: Demographics of Myanmar Rangoon   Yangon
Myanmar is ethnically diverse. The dominant ethnic group are the Bamar who speak Burmese. 10% of the population are Shan, who speak Shan dialects, related to Lao and Thai. The Karen (Kayin) make up 7% of the population, and speak languages distantly related to Burmese. The remainder are Rakhine (Arakanese), Kachin, Chin, Chinese, Mon, and Indian. Once a large and influential community, there is a small and ever dwindling Eurasian community consisting of Anglo-Burmese and Anglo-Indians (collectively known as ka-bya). Largely Christian and Westernised, the Eurasians of Burma suffered horrendously after the 1962 coup - most fled the country or Burmanised and adopted Burmese names, religion, dress and customs. Today, those remaining in the country have all but assimilated to the Bamar and Indian communities. This is a result of the xenophobic regime instituted in 1962.

Burmese is the official language of Myanmar. Minorities often speak Burmese as a second language, while the Bamar commonly speak English as a second language.

Buddhism, particularly Theravada Buddhism is practised by 89% of the population, especially the Bamar (and Rakhine), Shan, Mon, and Chinese. Christianity is practiced by 4% of the population, especially the Chin and Karen. At present, the government is attacking Christianity by forcing the ethnic cleansing of villages along the Thai border. 4% of the population practise Islam; these Muslims are divided amongst long-established persons of Indian descent, persons of mixed Indo-Burmese descent, persons of Persian, Arab and Chinese descent, as well as the native Rohingya Muslims of Arakan. The Muslim population is socially marginalized. Small segments of the population practise Hinduism or animism.

The biggest expatriate community of Burmese is found in neighbouring Thailand, where many Burmese refugees have fled from the military regime. There are also large communities in India, Malaysia and Singapore. The largest cities of the Anglo-Saxon countries have Burmese populations. The Burmese of London, Perth and Los Angeles tend to have Anglo-Burmese origins.

Main article: Culture of Myanmar
The culture of Myanmar is a mixture of centuries of Chinese, Indian, and Thai influences. This is reflected in its language, cuisine, and music. The arts have historically been influenced by Theravada Buddhism, as well as literature. However, in modern times, the culture of Myanmar has increasingly become westernized; this is most apparent in urban areas. Many, both women and men, wear a sarong called longyi.



Britain conquered Burma over a period of 62 years (1824-86) and incorporated it into its Indian Empire. Burma was administered as a province of India until 1937 when it became a separate, self-governing colony; independence outside of the Commonwealth was attained in 1948. Gen. NE WIN dominated the government from 1962 to 1988, first as military ruler, then as president, and later as political kingmaker. Despite multiparty elections in 1990 that resulted in the main opposition party winning a decisive victory, the ruling military junta refused to hand over power. Key opposition leader and Nobel Peace Prize recipient AUNG SAN SUU KYI, under house arrest from 1989 to 1995, was again placed under house detention from September 2000 to May 2002; her supporters are routinely harassed or jailed.

Southeastern Asia, bordering the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal, between Bangladesh and Thailand
Geographic coordinates:

22 00 N, 98 00 E
Map references:

Southeast Asia

total: 678,500 sq km
land: 657,740 sq km
water: 20,760 sq km
Area - comparative:

slightly smaller than Texas
Land boundaries:

total: 5,876 km
border countries: Bangladesh 193 km, China 2,185 km, India 1,463 km, Laos 235 km, Thailand 1,800 km
Ethnic groups:

Burman 68%, Shan 9%, Karen 7%, Rakhine 4%, Chinese 3%, Indian 2%, Mon 2%, other 5%

Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2%

Burmese, minority ethnic groups have their own languages

kyat (MMK)
Currency code:

Exchange rates:

kyats per US dollar - official rate - 6.8581 (January 2002), 6.7489 (2001), 6.5167 (2000), 6.2858 (1999), 6.3432 (1998), 6.2418 (1997); kyats per US dollar - black market exchange rate - 435 (yearend 2000)


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